This condition often starts with little or no trauma. Shoulder pain develops gradually with movement in all directions. Then stiffness sets in. Over time, the pain may decrease, but the stiffness can worsen and limit movement. It is more prevalent in women than men and most common in the 35-55 age group.
Inflammation of the joint capsule holds the shoulder “frozen” in place. Using an arm sling (after rotator cuff surgery, for example) can increase the chances of developing frozen shoulder.
Physical Therapy can significantly reduce shoulder pain, improve mobility and prevent stiffness from worsening. Sometimes a steroid injection into the shoulder joint may relieve inflammation, and if this is indicated, your physical therapist will discuss this with you and coordinate with your physician.